As the Supreme Court of India delivered the much anticipated Ayodhya Verdict on November 9th, 2019 at 10:30 am, it brought an end to the centuries-long land dispute in the town.
The five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi announced that the disputed land will be given to a government-run trust for building a temple. While Muslims will be given a five-acre “suitable plot” in the town.
As it is the longest and the oldest land dispute case in India, here are the highlights of the judgement –
- The Supreme Court has given the possession of the inner and outer courtyards of the disputed structure to the trust to build a temple.
- The Court also directed the Centre to come up with a scheme pursuant to the powers of the Ayodhya Act to build the trust.
- The scheme should give appropriate representation to the Nirmohi Akhara in the trust.
- The five-judge Constitution bench held that Ram janambhumi (Ram’s birthplace) was not a juristic person.
- There was no evidence found by the Archeological Society of India (ASI) that Babri Masjid was constructed on vacant land. There was a structure underlying beneath the disputed structure, which was not an Islamic structure.
- The bench said that the demolition of the mosque was illegal.
- The Court further said that there was evidence of Hindus worshipping in the outer courtyard of the disputed land. On the other hand, there was no evidence of Muslims exclusively possessing the disputed land prior to 1857.
- The land provided for Muslims should be allotted under the 1993 Act in a suitable place in Ayodhya.
- The Sunni board has been given the authority to build the mosque.
- The hearing concluded on October 16th, 2019 which spanned for 40 days.
- The bench was unanimous on its findings whether there existed a Hindu temple that was demolished to construct the Babri Masjid.
Photo credit: Wikipedia