Assamese or Axomiya, as known by its endonym, is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken mostly in the northeastern state of Assam. It is the official language of Assam spoken by over 15 million people across the globe. Assamese is one of the 23 official languages recognized by the Republic of India.
But did you know, apart from verbal, non-verbal and written Assamese language, there are a handful of words and phrases which might not find its place in the Assamese dictionary but are used widely, especially by the youngsters while having casual conversations. Here is to the list of a few words and phrases which have a wide network among the young group of people in Assam.
- Maa Kosom: This word is an Axomiya synonym for “mother promise”. Maa Kosom is a promise of utmost seriousness which makes the other person believe that whatever you are speaking is true as you are making a promise of your mother.
“Maa Kosom, moi eku porha nai”
2. E bey: It is an exclamation used to convey displeasure or sometimes happiness or even shock. Though this word has no meaning as such but is used frequently.
“E bey! Taik eman dhuniya lagise”
3. Mojja: This word is a Axomiya synonym for “awesome.” Mojja is what you say when you’re happy about something but cannot quite think of the precise word to describe your joy.
“Gahori tu mojja lagil khai”
4. Mokkel: Developed and used amongst the youth, this word is a form of expression generally used to express disgust. This word is nearly synonymous to ‘stupid’ or ‘brainless’.
5. Khali Gari Khali Gari: Though this phrase is used only by the handymen of the city buses in Guwahati, it deserves a place both in the list and our minds as the commuters plying in the buses can related to
Khali Gari, in its literal sense means ‘empty vehicle’. This phrase is often heard being used by the bus handymen to call the passengers claiming that there are enough room in the bus, whether true or false, that ’s a different story altogether.
6. Seni: If you are someone who has the habit of attracting the opposite sex with your cheesy tongue and saccharine words, then you definitely might have been labeled as ‘Seniram’ or ‘Senimai’ at some point of your life.
“Kiman seni khabi aru”
7. Lebel: Lebel is a sarcastic word used for a bragger.
“Phone korile receive nokora, lebel niki”
8. Kamur: An extremely popular word which is in the vocabulary of every single Axomiya which describes an annoying or tedious person or thing.
9. Tenga: This word means ‘sour’ but refers to an unsatisfactory or feeble person or thing. It is also used to describe a situation when life gives you lemons. Tenga in Axomiya sarcastically suggests sourness or difficulty in life.
“Phone kori kori tenga dise”
10. Lagibi Niki, Aah: This phrase is used to initiate a fight or express anger with someone over some issues.
“Ki koli toi? Lagibi Niki, Aah”
11. Saal: Saal or Chaal is an expression used in Axomiya phrase used to denote awesomeness. When something is too cool for words, you say, “Saal.”
“Shirt tu saal lagise”
12. Ghenta: Though this word has no literally meaning but now takes on the colloquial meaning of “zilch”. The word has grabbed attention after Assam singing sensation Zubeen Garg used during one of his concerts and exclaimed, “Ghenta Khatir Nokoru”
13. Lilimai: Just like Ghenta, this word also doesn’t have any literal meaning but if we consider its colloquial meaning, it often used to describe someone’s “Lackadaisical Attitude”
“Lilimai kori nathakibi dei”
14. Khati Axomiya: This phrase refers to someone who is a true Assamese from heart, mind and soul. This is not just a phrase but an emotion.
“Bondhu, ami holu Khati Axomiya”
15. Hobo De: A phrase which reflects a positive or confident tone towards something or someone. It also used to assure someone that something will be done.
Example: “Moi kaliloi goi ahim, hobo de”
Let us know in the comments section if we have missed out any.